When Skip Heitzig asked me to marry him, he rambled through an awkward proposal to which I consented. As if in shock, Skip sprang from the couch stammering, “Wait a minute. Did I just ask you to marry me? And did you say yes?” He added, “I need a drink of water and then let’s talk.” Though I was thrilled, it wasn’t really an idyllic romantic atmosphere with love songs playing in the background.
Psalm 45 is a love song extolling the romance between a bride and groom on their wedding day. The author of Hebrews reveals that Psalm 45 is a Messianic psalm referring to Jesus: “Your throne, O God will last forever” (Hebrews 1:8). But who is Christ’s bride? Paul reveals, “I have betrothed you to one husband…that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ” (2 Corinthians 11:2 emphasis mine). If you are a Christian, you are Christ’s fiancée. Isn’t it thrilling to realize that there is a love song in the heart of the Redeemer?
Lord Jesus, I fall to my knees and confess that You are Lord. Help me to submit to Your Lordship more each day. May Your name be exalted through my life. In Jesus’ name, Amen.
Psalm 45 bears the inscription “upon lilies” which could refer to the instrument on which it was played, the tune to which it was set, or the nature of its content—lilies symbolized purity and beauty. This love song celebrates a royal wedding.
Read Psalm 45:1-5.
My heart is overflowing with a good theme;
I recite my composition concerning the King;
My tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
You are fairer than the sons of men;
Grace is poured upon Your lips;
Therefore God has blessed You forever.
Gird Your sword upon Your thigh, O Mighty One,
With Your glory and Your majesty.
And in Your majesty ride prosperously because of truth, humility, and righteousness;
And Your right hand shall teach You awesome things.
Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies;
The peoples fall under You. Psalm 45:1-5
*1. Describe the psalmist’s mood and what action he took.
“Overflowing” literally means to bubble up or boil over. Because the psalmist’s heart is filled with excitement and good news, words of praise for the King pour off his tongue. “Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks” (Matt. 12:34). His emotions were translated into words for all to sing.
2. Describe the King. How do you know he was favored by God?
Fairer doesn’t mean there’s no one more handsome, but that no one is more handsome to the individual. In other words, there is no one else who compares. It also carries the idea of exclusivity. There must be no rival in your heart for Jesus—the fairest of all.
*3. What actions will the King take and why?
Suspending a sword on the thigh signified readiness for battle. This psalm is prophetic of Jesus’ Second Coming. He will return to the earth riding a white horse and victoriously establish His righteous kingdom. “Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations.” (Rev. 19:15 niv).
4. Why do the people “fall under” or worship the King?
5. The psalmist’s heart overflowed with adoration for his King, the Mighty One. He responded by penning Psalm 45. As you think of your feelings for your King, journal a declaration of praise and adoration for the Mighty One, Jesus Christ.
In addition to being the fairest of them all, our King is powerful. Mighty One is translated gibbowr meaning powerful warrior or chief. Jesus is God the Son, “the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being [who sustains] all things by his powerful word” (Hebrews 1:3 niv).
*6. Grace, which pours from the King’s lips, means kindness or undeserved favor. John described Jesus as “full of grace and truth” (John 1:14). Recount the last time you personally experienced grace and how you will extend grace to someone else.
At the end of this age of grace, Jesus will judge sin with the same nail-scarred hands He voluntarily placed on Calvary’s cross. “In his right hand he held seven stars, and out of his mouth came a sharp double-edged sword….‘I was dead, and behold I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades’” (Revelation 1:16, 18 niv).
Although fair does mean lovely, beautiful, or beloved, it also describes an inner beauty of character. You might say that a fair person possesses a pleasing appearance especially because of a sweet, pure personality. The proverb, “Beauty is only skin deep” still resonates today. Doesn’t everybody know somebody who is beautiful to look at but ugly to behold?
Scripture reveals very little about the physical description of Jesus during His tenure here on earth. We don’t know whether he was tall or short. Was his hair blonde or brunette? Were his eyes blue or brown? In fact, Isaiah prophesied, “He has no form or comeliness; And when we see Him, There is no beauty that we should desire Him” (Isaiah 53:2). We are, however, given multiple accounts of the exquisite beauty displayed through His character, conduct, and conversation. Let’s worship Him because He is the fairest One of all.
That which is striking and beautiful is not always good, but that which is good is always beautiful. –Ninon de L'Enclos
Lenya Heitzig is an award-winning author, popular Bible teacher, and a sought after speaker at women’s conferences and retreats worldwide. She is the author of Holy Moments: Recognizing God’s Fingerprints on Your Life and also contributed to the best-selling New Women’s Devotional Bible. Lenya has co-authored seven Fresh Life Bible studies and is the sole author of two studies in the Fresh Life series: Live Reflectively and Live Tastefully. She and her husband, Skip, founded Calvary of Albuquerque where Lenya has served as Director of she Ministries since 1984, overseeing weekly Bible studies and yearly retreats.