Jesus: Hope Foretold

Skip Heitzig

There was a time when we only knew in part, but now we have a promise we can fully know—a promise made by the prophets and declared by angels. This promise is Jesus, foretold from creation and revealed to us in these last days. In this series, Skip Heitzig focuses on the prophecies of Jesus' first coming, culminating in the celebration of Christmas.


 

Table of Contents

# SCRIPTURE: MESSAGE:
1 Isaiah 7:14 A Birth Foretold
2 Matthew 12:18-21 His Life Foretold
3 Isaiah 52:13-53:12 His Death Foretold
4 Isaiah 9:6-7 His Kingdom Foretold

 


 

SERIES: Jesus: Hope Foretold
MESSAGE: A Birth Foretold
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Isaiah 7:14
URL: http://SkipHeitzig.com/3944

MESSAGE SUMMARY
The birth of Jesus Christ provided the world with hope. That exceptional nativity would lead to His perfect life, His atoning death, His bodily resurrection, and His eventual return to rule the world. As we begin this short series leading up to Christmas titled Hope Foretold, we first consider the prediction of His birth. When Jesus was born in Bethlehem, God was providing the world with three gifts: He gave us a sign, a Son, and a Savior. Let’s see why that matters.

STUDY GUIDE
Connect Group Recap: December 6, 2015
Teacher: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: A Birth Foretold
Text: Isaiah 7:14

Path

The birth of Jesus Christ provided the world with hope. That exceptional nativity would lead to His perfect life, His atoning death, His bodily resurrection, and His eventual return to rule the world. As we begin this short series leading up to Christmas titled Jesus: Hope Foretold, we first consider the prediction of His birth. Here's the path Pastor Skip took through the text:

Points

God Gave Us a Sign
God Gave Us a Son
God Gave Us a Savior
Practice

Connect Up: Does the fact that Jesus is "God with us" help you worship God with deeper passion? What does it tell you about God that He would humble Himself to make Himself known to humanity?

Connect In: How does Jesus' incarnation—the fact that He humbly became a man—help you minister to others in the body of Christ? What does Jesus' birth, life, death, and resurrection tell you about Jesus' love for the church?

Connect Out: Knowing that God became man in Jesus Christ, how does this strengthen your outreach through evangelism? How would you explain to an unbeliever the two natures of Christ's person? Here's a hint: Christ is not 50 percent man and 50 percent God, but 100 percent man and 100 percent God. This can be expressed mathematically: 1x1=1.

DETAILED NOTES

  1. Introduction
    1. Jesus holds the record for the most unusual birth
      1. It provided the world with hope
      2. Because of what He would do
    2. When Jesus was born, hope came into the world
      1. He was born at just the right time spiritually (see Galatians 4:4)
        1. Rome occupied Israel and Israel longed for their Messiah
        2. People of other religions were burnt out on their religions and turned to Judaism
      2.  He was born at the right time culturally
        1. The world was unified under the Greek language
        2. Everyone spoke this language and could communicate easily
      3. He was born at the right time politically
        1. Rome had taken over the world
        2. Though oppressive, it unified the world
        3. Caesar Augustus imposed the Pax Romana
          1. Roman peace
          2. Nearly 200 years of economic and cultural growth
          3. Military stability
          4. Almost no military conflicts
        4. Road system
    3. Isaiah the prophet
      1. Quoted in the New Testament more than any other Old Testament prophet
      2. Predicted the birth of Christ 700 years before it happened
  2. God Gave Us a Sign: "The Lord Himself will give you a sign"
    1. The Old Testament is filled with prophecies that point to something coming down the road
      1. Matthew 1:22-23 refers to Isaiah's prophecy of Jesus' birth
      2. Isaiah 7
        1. This chapter is about Isaiah the prophet visiting Ahaz, the king of Judea
        2. Ahaz was worried because three nations were bearing down on him politically and militarily
          1. Kingdom of Israel under King Pekah
          2. Kingdom of Syria
          3. Kingdom of Assyria
        3. Isaiah told the king to ask God for a sign
        4. The king said no because he was not going to test the Lord
          1. Sounds pious
          2. Translates to he was not going to trust the Lord
        5. Isaiah told him God would give him a sign anyway
          1. A virgin birth
          2. Immanuel
    2. God wanted to make sure that people knew exactly who He sent to the world
      1. By giving them signs in advance
      2. The prophet Micah predicted Jesus would be born in Bethlehem 720 years before it happened (see Micah 5:2)
      3. Hosea predicted He would arise out of Egypt (see Hosea 11:1)
    3. This is important because other religions' books lack fulfilled prophecy
  3. God Gave Us a Son: "Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son"
    1. The fact that a virgin conceived is miraculous in and of itself
      1. Besides Jesus, no person has ever been born without a father
      2. Human birth requires a human source
    2. This is why Joseph had a hard time
      1. He had to get a special visit from an angel (see Matthew 1:20-25)
      2. Virgin conception had never happened before and will never happen again
    3. Some creatures are conceived asexually
      1. Parthenogenesis
      2. This does not explain human virgin birth
      3. Parthenogenesis can only reproduce genetically identical species
        1. The offspring will always be genetically identical to the mother
        2. Female
        3. If Mary had conceived parthenogenetically, she would have had a daughter, not a son
    4. The first prediction of this is in Genesis 3:15
  4. God Gave Us a Savior: "and shall call His name Immanuel"
    1. Immanuel
      1. "God with us" (Matthew 1:23)
      2. A title, not a formal name
      3. Designates what His position would be
      4. Isaiah 9:6
    2. He was human because He came through the womb of Mary
    3. He is divine because He was conceived by the Holy Spirit
  5. Closing
    1. If there is no virgin birth, there is no hope
      1. That would mean Jesus was born just like everyone else
      2. Then He would not be God
      3. Then His claims are lies, because He said He was God
      4. Then salvation is a hoax
    2. Jesus is the God-man
      1. As man, He is the perfect representation of us
      2. As God, He is the perfect sacrifice for us
    3. He is the virgin-born child who saved us

Figures referenced: Caesar Augustus, Larry King, Gregory Pincus

Cross references: Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 7; 9:6; Hosea 11:1; Micah 5:2; Matthew 1:20-25; Galatians 4:4


Topic: Prophecy

Keywords: virgin birth, virgin, Mary, Rome, Pax Romana, prophecy, sign, parthenogenesis, Immanuel, human, divine, salvation, Jesus Christ, Christmas

 


 

SERIES: Jesus: Hope Foretold
MESSAGE: His Life Foretold
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Matthew 12:18-21
URL: http://SkipHeitzig.com/3946

MESSAGE SUMMARY
If your hope is in politics, policies, people, or possessions, you will be constantly disappointed. The hope that God gave the world, foretold by the prophets, was (and still is) a single, unique person—Jesus Christ. Of all the predictions made about what He would be and do, Matthew highlighted a few. Jesus wouldn’t fit all the misplaced expectations that people had of Him, but He would fulfill the commission His Father gave Him. Let’s look at four tasks Jesus would perform at His first coming as foretold by the prophet.

STUDY GUIDE
Connect Group Recap: December 13, 2015
Teacher: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: His Life Foretold
Text: Matthew 12:18-21

Path

If your hope is in politics, policies, people, or possessions, you will be constantly disappointed. The hope that God gave the world, foretold by the prophets, was (and still is) a single, unique person—Jesus Christ. Of all the predictions made about what He would be and do, Matthew highlighted a few. Jesus wouldn't fit all the misplaced expectations that people had of Him, but He would fulfill the commission His Father gave Him. Let's look at four tasks Jesus would perform at His first coming as foretold by the prophet.

Points

He Came to Serve (v. 18):
He Came to Speak (v. 18):
He Came to Strengthen (vv. 19-20):
He Came to Save (vv. 20-21):
Practice

Connect Up: What does it tell you about God's character that Christ came to serve, speak, strengthen, and save?

Connect In: In light of the four things that Christ came to do, how are we to treat others in the body of Christ? How does each of these four things take root within the local church?

Connect Out: How does each of the four things Christ came to do influence your outreach to the unbelieving world?

DETAILED NOTES

  1. Introduction
    1. Of all the people who have ever lived, no one has impacted and influenced the world like Jesus Christ
      1. His life influenced politicians, missionaries, and explorers
      2. In His name, hospitals were built, philanthropic institutions were founded, and education was spread
      3. Jesus has been the dominating figure in the history of Western culture for twenty centuries
    2. When He came to the earth, He did not meet the expectations people had for Him
      1. He did not meet the expectations of the religious elite who observed Him
      2. He did not meet the expectations of the crowds that followed Him
      3. He did meet the expectations of His heavenly Father who sent Him
      4. He fulfilled all the prophecies that had been made about Him
    3. Matthew 12:9-17
      1. Matthew quoted the prophet Isaiah (see Isaiah 42:1-4)
      2. Isaiah noted four things the Messiah would come to do
  2. He Came to Serve (v. 18)
    1. Jesus was called by many names (see Isaiah 9:6)
      1. He has no fewer than 150 titles mentioned in Scripture
      2. Isaiah used the title Servant four times
    2. Jesus had just healed a man on the Sabbath (see Matthew 12:9-17; Mark 3:1-12; Luke 6:6-19)
      1. Even though Jesus could heal people, He did not meet the religious leaders' expectations of what the Messiah would be like
      2. They thought He would be a servant of their rigid interpretation of the law
    3. After Jesus healed people, He told them not to tell anyone He had done it
      1. He did not want the crowd to turn Him into some revolutionary hero
      2. The crowd expected the Deliverer to forcefully overtake their oppressors
      3. Jesus came to shed His own blood and do the will of His Father (see Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:45; John 4:34)
    4. He served His disciples (see John 13:1-17)
    5. Jesus served you by taking your place in execution
      1. He came to restore us
      2. He did not come to meet your expectations, but to end your condemnation
    6. Jesus fulfilled prophecies
      1. He would be proceeded by a messenger (see Isaiah 40:3)
      2. He would perform miracles (see Isaiah 35:4-6)
      3. He would enter Jerusalem on a donkey (see Zechariah 9:9)
      4. He would be rejected by the Jewish nation (see Isaiah 53:1-3)
      5. He would come following a precise timetable (see Daniel 9:25-26)
      6. He would be rejected and killed (see Daniel 9:24-25)
      7. He would be sent to heal the brokenhearted (see Isaiah 61:1-2)
      8. He would be praised by children (see Psalm 8:2)
      9. He would be betrayed by a close friend (see Psalm 41:9; Zechariah 11:12-13)
      10. The betrayal money would be returned and used to buy a potter's field (see Zechariah 11:12-13)
      11. He would come as a sacrifice for sin (see Isaiah 53:5-12)
      12. He would be silent when accused during His trial (see Isaiah 53:7)
      13. This is just a sample of all the prophecies written about Jesus that He fulfilled
    7. According to Peter Stoner, the odds that one man in history would fulfill just eight of these prophecies is one in ten to the seventeenth power
  3. He Came to Speak (v. 18)
    1. Apaggelló = to report, announce, declare
      1. One of the most important things Jesus did was speak to people (see Matthew 5:1-2; 13:54; Mark 2:13; 10:1; Luke 20:1; John 8:2)
      2. His priority was to preach the Word (see Mark 2:1-2)
        1. He wanted people to be set free (see John 8:32)
        2. He came to speak God's truth to people in bondage to their own ideas
    2. He came to proclaim the truth to Gentiles
      1. 2,000 years ago, Jews saw the Messiah as purely for the Jewish people
      2. He came to save both Jews and Gentiles (see Genesis 12:3; John 3:16)
  4. He Came to Strengthen (vv. 19-20)
    1. Jesus never annoyed, harassed, or quarreled with people
      1. He was not a political rabble-rouser who stirred up trouble
      2. He never berated or cajoled people
      3. He spoke with dignity and control (see Ecclesiastes 9:17)
    2. Jesus dealt with people whose lives were broken and worn out
      1. The world discarded them
      2. He sought to restore the broken reed and rekindle the smoldering flame
      3. Jesus will not put out your fire but stoke your fire up; He will not toss you away but draw you near (see Matthew 11:28-29)
      4. God chooses the weak things of this world (see 1 Corinthians 1:27)
    3. Most people come to Christ when they are broken
      1. They discover God loves to restore them
      2. In the Scriptures, broken things are actually valuable
        1. Broken pitchers helped Israel win a battle (see Judges 7:13-22)
        2. Broken bread fed a multitude (see Matthew 14:16-21)
        3. A broken flask of perfume was used to anoint Jesus (see Matthew 26:6; Mark 14:13; John 12:3)
        4. Jesus' broken body brought salvation
      3. Imagine what He can do with your broken heart
  5. He Came to Save (vv. 20-21)
    1. Jesus' ultimate victory is won by faith (see Ephesians 2:8; 1 John 5:5)
      1. In other world religions, you must earn your way to God
      2. With Jesus, you just have to trust Him
    2. When you trust, you are saved and belong to Him (see Romans 8:28)
      1. He will be with you as you go through life
      2. He will be with you when life hurts
      3. Romans 10:9
    3. Do you really trust Him?

Figures referenced: William Carey, James Hefley, David Livingstone, Florence Nightingale, Lord Shaftesbury, Peter Stoner, William Wilberforce

Greek words: apaggelló

Cross references: Genesis 12:3; Judges 7:13-22; Psalm 8:2; 41:9; Ecclesiastes 9:17; Isaiah 9:6; 35:4-6; 40:3; 42:1-4; 53:1-3, 5-12; 61:1-2; Daniel 9:24-26; Zechariah 9:9; 11:12-13; Matthew 5:1-2; 11:28-29; 12:9-17; 13:54; 14:16-21; 20:28; 26:6; Mark 2:1-2, 13; 3:1-12; 10:1, 45; 14:13; Luke 6:6-19; 20:1; John 3:16; 4:34; 8:2, 32; 12:3; 13:1-17; Romans 8:28; 10:9; 1 Corinthians 1:27; Ephesians 2:8; 1 John 5:5


Topic: Jesus' Ministry

Keywords: expectations, Jesus Christ, Messiah, servant, prophecy, Word of God, Gentiles, broken, weak, restore, salvation, trust, faith

 


 

SERIES: Jesus: Hope Foretold
MESSAGE: His Death Foretold
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Isaiah 52:13-53:12
URL: http://SkipHeitzig.com/3948

MESSAGE SUMMARY
To foretell someone’s death seems morbid and macabre—unless that someone’s death will bring life to the world. The prophet Isaiah predicted the virgin birth, the sinless life, and the atoning death of the Son of God. Jesus Christ is the personification of hope for all who receive Him; He is Hope Foretold. In this section of Scripture, we are on holy ground as we muse over the prediction of the death of our great Sin-Bearer. (See Revelation 13:8.)

STUDY GUIDE
Connect Group Recap: December 20, 2015
Speaker: Skip Heitzig
Teaching: His Death Foretold
Text: Isaiah 52:13-53:12

Path

To foretell someone's death seems morbid and macabre—unless that someone's death will bring life to the world. The prophet Isaiah predicted the virgin birth, the sinless life, and the atoning death of the Son of God. Jesus Christ is the personification of hope for all who receive Him; He is Hope Foretold. In this section of Scripture, we are on holy ground as we muse over the prediction of the death of our great Sin-Bearer. (See Revelation 13:8.)

Points

The Anticipation of His Death (52:13-15):
The Abandonment at His Death (53:1-3):
The Atonement in His Death (53:4-9):
The Accomplishment of His Death (53:10-12):
Practice

Connect Up: How does Christ's sacrifice draw you closer to God—both literally (through forgiveness) and emotionally (through praise)? Take a moment to thank God for providing Christ on your behalf.

Connect In: How does Christ's service and sacrifice shape how you work with and for your fellow Christians?

Connect Out: While it might seem morbid to discuss death with other people, especially at Christmastime, how can the truth of Christ's death and resurrection bring life to those around you through evangelism? Discuss ways that you can share the accomplishment of Christ's death with unbelievers this season.

DETAILED NOTES

  1. Introduction
    1. Divine providence
      1. The Old Testament prophets predicted Jesus' death more than 700 years before His birth
      2. Jesus' death was predicted, but it was not expected
      3. People did not understand His death when it happened, though they knew the prophecies (see Isaiah 9:6)
    2. People did not realize there was a difference between Jesus' first coming and His second coming
      1. Between those two events was His death, resurrection, and ascension
      2. There is also the time that is passing for God to collect His people—the church—from the earth before His reign
    3. They did not expect their Messiah to suffer
      1. They wanted a sympathetic Messiah who would rescue them from Rome and others
      2. There was no room in their thinking for a suffering, dying, Savior Messiah
    4. This passage is the fourth of the Servant Songs (see Isaiah 42; 49; 50; 52-53)
      1. Passages where God announces His ideal Servant
      2. References the coming Messiah
      3. Quoted multiple times in the New Testament (see Matthew 8:17; John 12:38)
      4. A eunuch was reading Isaiah's writings when he encountered Philip on the road (see Acts 8:27-39)
  2. The Anticipation of His Death (52:13-15)
    1. Most Jewish rabbis do not consider this to be a messianic passage
      1. They do not see this as being fulfilled in Jesus Christ
      2. This passage has been called "the torture chamber of the rabbis" because it is so obvious that Jesus fulfilled it
    2. They say it is not a description of Jesus, but rather the nation of Israel
      1. There is a contextual problem with this thinking
        1. The Servant Songs are a description of the ideal Servant of Israel
        2. God speaks to His Servant about His servant Israel (see Isaiah 49:1-7)
        3. They are not one and the same
      2. There is a historical problem with this thinking
        1. Historically, the Jewish people have looked at Isaiah 52-53 as being messianic prophecies
        2. The Talmud always refers to this passage as being messianic
        3. In the eleventh century AD, the rabbi Rashi began interpreting this passage as a reference to Israel
        4. This passage could refer to Jesus' resurrection, ascension, and glorification (see v. 13; Philippians 2:9-11)
        5. It could also refer to when He was lifted off the ground and onto a Roman cross (see John 12:32-33)
        6. He came to save all nations (see John 3:16)
    3. His own people did not recognize Him as their Messiah (see John 11:1)
  3. The Abandonment at His Death (53:1-3)
    1. Unbelief (v. 1)
      1. Jesus had followers, but not many believed His report
      2. After His resurrection and ascension, only 120 people were authentic believers (see Acts 1:15)
      3. Even during His ministry, most people did not believe in Him (see John 12:37-38)
      4. No other religion has at its heart the humiliation of its God (see 1 Corinthians 1:23)
    2. Unfruitfulness (v. 2)
      1. The nation of Israel was hard, barren ground (see Isaiah 5:1-7)
      2. By the time Jesus came, the priesthood was corrupted by the Sadducees and the truth corrupted by the Pharisees
      3. The root in Isaiah 53:2 was Jesus
      4. When Jacob was on his deathbed, he predicted that Shiloh would come from the tribe of Judah (see Genesis 49:10)
        1. Shiloh = he whose it is
        2. Historically, the Jewish rabbis believed this was a prediction of the Messiah coming from Judah
        3. The interpretation
          1. Scepter = right to rule
          2. Judah would rule itself until Shiloh came
          3. Twenty-three years before Jesus' trial, the Romans came and took the right to rule away from the people
    3. Unaccepted (vv. 2-3)
      1. We know Jesus suffered on the cross, but we forget about His emotional grief at being rejected
      2. At the Last Supper, He had twelve friends with Him in the upper room (see Matthew 26:20-30; Mark 14:17-26; Luke 22:14-38; John 13-17)
      3. In the garden of Gethsemane, He had eleven friends with Him (see Matthew 26:30-35; Mark 14:27-32; Luke 22:39-44; John 18:1)
      4. He took Peter, James, and John with Him to pray, and they fell asleep (see Matthew 26:37-45; Mark 14:33-41; Luke 22:45)
      5. After He was arrested, Peter denied Him (see Matthew 26:69-75; Mark 14:66-72; John 18:25-27)
      6. "They all forsook Him and fled" (Mark 14:50)
      7. John was the only apostle who showed up at the cross (see John 19:25-27)
      8. Jesus felt the distance between Himself and His Father because of the weight of sin (see Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34)
  4. The Atonement in His Death (53:4-9)
    1. Vicarious atonement
      1. Substitutionary atonement
      2. 2 Corinthians 5:21
      3. God the Father treated Jesus Christ as if He were guilty for every single sin ever committed by everyone who ever lived
      4. God treated Jesus like we deserve to be treated so we could be treated like Jesus deserves to be treated
    2. Jesus is the one who came to save people who need saving (see Matthew 1:21; Luke 2:11)
      1. The gifts of the magi alluded to this (see Matthew 2:11)
        1. Gold = metal of a king
        2. Frankincense = fragrance of a priest
        3. Myrrh = embalming fluid
          1. Prediction of the purpose of His life: death
          2. Myrrh gives off no scent unless it is crushed
      2. Even at His birth, the shadow of the cross fell upon Him
      3. The purpose of His life was hinted at back in the garden of Eden (see Genesis 2:16-17)
        1. Adam and Eve did not physically die when they ate the fruit
        2. They died spiritually
        3. Something else died in their place
        4. God clothed them with animal skins (see Genesis 3:21)
          1. Possibly lamb skin
          2. One for each person
      4. Lamb sacrifice
        1. One lamb per person after the fall
        2. At Passover, one lamb was sacrificed per family (see Exodus 12:1-13)
        3. When Yom Kippur was established, one lamb was sacrificed to cover the sins of the entire nation
        4. When Jesus came, He was the perfect Lamb of God who was sacrificed for the sins of the world (see John 1:29)
  5. The Accomplishment of His Death (53:10-12)
    1. What delight could the Father find at seeing His Son butchered?
      1. The delight was the accomplishment (see Hebrews 12:2)
      2. Jesus had the joy and delight of seeing all those who would believe in Him and be saved
    2. Coming to know God through Jesus (see John 17:3)
    3. Think of what God can do through your life if you see your life as a sacrifice
      1. For His people
      2. For His glory and kingdom

Figures referenced: Rabbi Akiva, Rashi, William Thomas Stead, Mark Twain

Hebrew words: Shiloh

Cross references: Genesis 2:16-17; 3:21; 49:10; Exodus 12:1-13; Isaiah 5:1-7; 9:6; 42; 49; 50; 52-53; Matthew 1:21; 2:11; 8:17; 26:20-35, 37-45, 69-75; 27:46; Mark 14:17-41, 50, 66-72; 15:34; Luke 2:11; 22:14-45; John 1:29; 3:16; 11:1; 12:32-33, 37-38; 13-17; 18:1, 25-27; 19:25-27, 32-33; Acts 1:15; 8:27-39; 1 Corinthians 1:23; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 12:2


Topic: Jesus' Death

Keywords: divine providence, Servant Songs, Messiah, Savior, Servant, prophecy, Israel, grief, apostles, atonement, vicarious atonement, substitutionary atonement, magi, garden of Eden, lamb, salvation, sacrifice

 


 

SERIES: Jesus: Hope Foretold
MESSAGE: His Kingdom Foretold
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Isaiah 9:6-7
URL: http://SkipHeitzig.com/3950

MESSAGE SUMMARY
This past month, we have seen that Jesus is the personification of hope. He is Hope Foretold. The prophets predicted His birth, His life, and His death. They also looked far ahead into the future and predicted His reign. In preparation for our next series on end-time events, let’s take a peek into the prophets' forecast of the future reign of Christ as King of the world He created.

DETAILED NOTES

  1. Introduction
    1. The kingdom age
      1. The millennial reign of Christ
        1. Matthew 19:28; Acts 3:21
        2. The Jews anticipated this kingdom
      2. Will be established at the second coming
        1. It was written about by the prophets
        2. It will be the culmination of all the hope of every age
      3. A literal kingdom of Christ on this earth (see Daniel 2:44)
      4. The angel predicted this coming kingdom when visiting Mary (see Luke 1:31-33)
    2. Sovereign control
      1. Most current-age monarchies are symbolic only
      2. Jesus will have an absolute, sovereign reign
  2. A Remarkable King (v. 6a)
    1. His Humanity
      1. Jesus was fully man
        1. Born as a child
        2. Lived as a human and died
      2. The first heresy of the early church was the denial that Jesus had a real, human body (Gnosticism)
      3. Jesus felt human conditions
        1. He was sleepy (see Luke 8:23)
        2. He was weary and fatigued (see John 4:6)
        3. He was hungry (see Luke 4:2)
        4. He wept (see John 11:35)
        5. Ultimately, He died
    2. His Deity
      1. Jesus was a preexistent deity (see John 3:16)
        1. He never became God; He was always God
        2. He already existed as God, and then He was given to the world as a Savior
        3. 1 Timothy 3:16
        4. "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" by Felix Mendelssohn and Charles Wesley
        5. Isaiah 7:14
      2. Deity came in humanity
      3. What must it have been like for Jesus to leave heaven and come to earth?
      4. Theanthropos = God-man 
    3. His Sovereignty
      1. Future kingdom
      2. Hebrew word misrah means rule or dominion
      3. Jesus is the only one fit to rule: He is the God who created the earth, came to live on the earth, and will come back to rule the earth
  3. His Royal Character (v. 6b)
    1. Wonderful Counselor
      1. Anyone can counsel, but no one is a wonderful counselor
      2. Crowds always wanted to hear Jesus teach (see Luke 4:22; John 7:46)
      3. He is a counselor who knows the intricacies of your life
    2. Mighty God
      1. This makes His role as counselor more profound
      2. He knows everything about you because He is God, and He has:
        1. The power to change you
        2. The power to influence you to change your life
    3. Everlasting Father
      1. He is the Father of eternity, the originator or source
      2. Creator (see Hebrews 1:10-12)
      3. The Messiah will be as a Father to His people in the kingdom age
    4. Prince of Peace
      1. The kingdom age will be a time of peace
      2. Jesus first came to Jerusalem on a donkey, which is a symbol of peace
      3. Jesus will come back a second time on a horse, which symbolizes war
        1. Second coming will be during a time of war
        2. He will put an end to Armageddon
      4. Peace on earth (see Luke 2:14)
        1. Of the past 3,400 years, humans have only been at peace for 268 years (8 percent of the time)
        2. Peace resides in the heart of a believer
        3. Jesus is coming again and will set up a new, peaceful kingdom
  4. His Righteous Kingdom (v. 7)
    1. Eternal
      1. The further we get into the kingdom age, the purer the peace will be
      2. Constantly improving as we are further removed from conflict
    2. Historical
      1. Promised to King David (see 2 Samuel 7:16)
      2. Jesus traces His heritage back to David
    3. Equitable
      1. Ordered and established with justice
      2. A perfect government
      3. Our Lord is Israel's Messiah
      4. One perfect leader
  5. Closing
    1. Jesus' shoulders are broad enough for the kingdom that is eternal
    2. He can carry the problems, ailments, and concerns of your life as well
    3. The one who created the world, lived in the world He created, and died in the world He created is the only one fit to rule

Figures referenced: Felix Mendelssohn, Charles Wesley

Greek/Hebrew words: theanthropos, misrah

Cross references:2 Samuel 7:16; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6-7; Daniel 2:44; Matthew 19:28; Luke 1:31-33; 2:14; 4:2, 22; 8:23; John 3:16; 4:6; 7:46; 11:35; Acts 3:21; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 1:10-12

Topic: Jesus the King

Keywords: hope, kingdom age, second coming, millennial reign, the millennium, promise, prophecy, peace, deity, humanity, sovereignty, Messiah, eternity


Jesus: Hope Foretold | SkipHeitzig.com/series355
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