SERIES: 03 Leviticus - 2012
MESSAGE: Leviticus 5-7
SPEAKER: Skip Heitzig
SCRIPTURE: Leviticus 5-7

In Leviticus 5-7, the laws of the offerings are given. We discover how God deals with the very real issue of sin. There must be a sacrifice in order for atonement to take place. Through our text, we see the only system of religion that God gave to man and how that system was fulfilled in Jesus Christ.

Leviticus 5-7

"So the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD, and he shall be forgiven for any one of these things that he may have done in which he trespasses” (Leviticus 6:7).

PREVIEW: In Leviticus 5-7, the laws of the offerings are given—laws which must be followed for atonement to take place.

Leviticus Outline:
The Trespass Offering - Read Leviticus 5:1-13
Offerings with Restitution - Read Leviticus 5:14-6:7
The Law of the Burnt Offering - Read Leviticus 6:8-13
The Law of the Grain Offering - Read Leviticus 6:14-23
The Law of the Sin Offering - Read Leviticus 6:24-30
The Law of the Trespass Offering - Read Leviticus 7:1-10
The Law of Peace Offerings - Read Leviticus 7:11-21
Fat and Blood May Not Be Eaten - Read Leviticus 7:22-27
The Portion of Aaron and His Sons - Read Leviticus 7:28-38

The Trespass Offering - Read Leviticus 5:1-13
1. In our culture, we’re familiar with signs that say “No Trespassing” and understand their meaning to be “You are not allowed here.” Biblically, a trespass is a violation of social ethics or an unlawful act committed on the person, property, or rights of another. What might cause a person to bear guilt in hearing the utterance of an oath (v. 1)?

2. Proverbs 29:24 contains an example of a person who swears to tell the truth, but doesn’t, thus making himself guilty of a trespass. What does that passage say the partner of a thief does? Why do you think he does that?

3. Why should we speak the truth when we know it? (See Psalm 32:2, 2 Corinthians 4:2, Colossians 3:9, 1 Timothy 4:12, and James 4:7.)

4. List the things a person might touch that would make him unclean and guilty of a trespass (vv. 2-3). (Read also Leviticus 11:24-39 and Numbers 19:11-16)

5. How could a person become guilty of a trespass with his lips (v. 4)?

6. What did Jesus say we should do about swearing (making a vow)? (See Matthew 5:33-37 and James 5:12.)

7. What was the first thing the person guilty of a trespass was to do (v. 5)? Why is this such an important thing to do? (See Psalm 32:5, Proverbs 28:13)

8. When the person guilty of a trespass acknowledged their sin, they were to bring a female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering. What was the priest’s role in helping this person with their guilt (v. 6)?

9. If the person guilty of a trespass could not afford to bring a lamb, what two things could they substitute (v. 7)? What did the priest do with the first of the substitutionary offerings (vv. 8-9)? What did the priest with the second of the substitutionary offerings (v. 10)?

10. If the person guilty of a trespass could not afford to bring the substitutionary offering, what could they bring (v. 11)? What was not to be included with this offering and why (v. 11)? What did the priest do with this offering (vv. 12-13)?

Offerings with Restitution - Read Leviticus 5:14-6:7
11. If a person unintentionally committed a trespass in regard to the holy things of the LORD, what was he to offer (v. 15)? What was he to include with it (v. 15)? What was he to add to it (v. 15)?

12. If a person was guilty of a trespass by committing a sin which they weren’t even aware they had done, what were they to offer (vv. 17-18)?

13. If a person lied about what was entrusted to him for safekeeping, about a pledge, or about a robbery, if he extorted from his neighbor, or if he found what was lost and lied about it, what was he to do (Leviticus 6:1-7)?

The Law of the Burnt Offering - Read Leviticus 6:8-13
14. What was the priest to put on in order to remove the ashes from the altar (v. 10)? What was he to do with the ashes (v. 10)?

15. What was the priest to do before he carried the ashes outside the camp (v. 11)? Where was he to put the ashes of the burnt offering?

16. How often were the priests to tend the fire of the altar (v. 12-13)?

The Law of the Grain Offering - Read Leviticus 6:14-23
17. What were the priests to do with a portion of the grain offering, its oil, and all of the frankincense (v. 15)?

18. What were the priests to do with the remainder of the grain offering (v. 16)? What were they not to do with it (v. 17)? Who specifically, could eat the grain offering (v. 18)?

19. When the priests made a grain offering for themselves, when were they to offer it (v. 20)? The priests did not eat their own grain offering; instead, what did they do with it (v. 23)?

The Law of the Sin Offering - Read Leviticus 6:24-30
20. Where was the sin offering killed (v. 25)?

21. What became of the sin offering (v. 26)?

22. What was required in order for a person to touch the flesh of the sin offering (v. 27)?

23. What did the priest need to do if blood was sprinkled on his garment (v. 27)?

24. What needed to be done to the vessels in which the sin offering was boiled (vv. 28-29)?

The Law of the Trespass Offering - Read Leviticus 7:1-10
25. Where was the trespass offering to be killed (v. 2)?

26. What was offered and burnt in a trespass offering (vv. 3-5)?

27. How was the trespass offering like the sin offering (v. 7)?

28. If a priest made the burnt offering for someone, what did he get to keep (v. 8)? Why do you think he kept this?

The Law of Peace Offerings - Read Leviticus 7:11-21
29. If a peace offering was make for a thanksgiving, what was offered with it (vv. 12-13)?

30. The flesh of a peace offering, if it was offered for thanksgiving, was to be eaten on the same day it was offered (v. 15). If it was a vow or voluntary offering, it could be eaten the day after it was offered (v. 16). What happened if the person ate the flesh on the third day (vv. 17-18)?

31. What was to become of the flesh of the peace offering if it touched any unclean thing (v. 19)?

32. What became of a person who ate the peace offering while he was unclean (v. 20-21)?

Fat and Blood May Not Be Eaten - Read Leviticus 7:22-27
33. What could the children of Israel not do with the fat of ox, sheep and goats or an animal that dies naturally or is torn by wild beasts (v. 24)? What became of them if they did what they weren’t supposed to (v. 25)?

34. What could the children of Israel do with the fat of ox, sheep and goats or an animal that dies naturally or is torn by wild beasts (v. 24)?

35. What was forbidden concerning the blood of bird or beast (vv. 26-27)?

The Portion of Aaron and His Sons - Read Leviticus 7:28-38
36. What did the person making a peace offering need to do as part of his offering (v. 30)?

37. What portions of the peace offering belonged to the priests?

38. When was the consecrated portion commanded by the LORD established (v. 35-36)?

39. When was the law of the offerings established (vv. 37-38)?


  1. Introduction
    1. Problem – I'm a Midianite – we're intense people
      1. We live in tents
      2. I am a son of Abraham
      3. We are tribes
      4. Now another group of people have shown up around Mt. Sinai
        1. Also sons of Abraham
        2. Also live in tents
        3. Their tents are all around a larger tent
        4. Their worship and their sacrifices revolve around this central tent
        5. There's a cloud by day and a fire by night – it's miraculous
        6. Never seen anything like it
        7. They have a relationship with their God
        8. Their sins are forgiven
      5. There is a barrier, sin, between me and the Israelite God
    2. Judaism is the only religious system that God ever gave to mankind
      1. Christianity is not a religious system, it's the fulfillment of the ancient religious system
      2. Religion was pointing to the fulfillment in Jesus Christ
    3. In Santa Fe late, just wanted to eat
      1. Convenience store, microwave burritos
      2. Stomach soon felt a little queasy—uneasy—cramping
      3. 2:30 am in local emergency room
      4. Lower abdomen test – barium enema
      5. That which I have feared, has come upon me
      6. Exploratory surgery
      7. Infection in gut
      8. Denial of problem "Oh, I'm fine"
      9. Okay, I'm not fine
      10. Most people deny they have a sin nature
    4. Latin proverb – He who denies his sin, will never have it forgiven
    5. God wanted to deal with the most important issue of humanity
      1. In the old covenant, He did it through a series of sacrifices
      2. Key term – sacrifice
    6. Are there similarities of these sacrifices and pagan religious sacrifices?
      1. They are different
      2. Given by direct revelation of God
      3. Pagan systems had a hierarchy of gods
        1. Gods needed to be taken care of
        2. Eat and drink
        3. Gods weary of maintaining their own physical sustenance
        4. Forced lesser gods to feed them
        5. Lesser gods created people and forced them to care for the gods
      4. In India and Hawaii today, you'll still see food and drink placed in front of gods
      5. Judaism – sacrifices were not for nutrition
        1. For expiation – to take away sin
        2. For interrelation – now you can have a relationship with God
        3. All pointing to the day when Jesus would take away sin
        4. God is dealing with sin, sin is offensive to God
      6. Most people don't realize how offensive sin is to a holy God
      7. Without the shedding of blood, there is no remission of sins (see Hebrews 9:22)
      8. Why would God allow His Son to die? Can't sincerity be enough? Can't I just do my best?
        1. No, you can't earn it
        2. You are not as good as God
        3. Something is required
          1. Your death
          2. Or, the death of a substitute
    7. 5 offerings – burnt, grain, peace, sin, and trespass
      1. Burnt offering – Speaks of consecration of myself (see Romans 12:1)
      2. Grain offering – dedication of service to God
      3. Peace offering – celebration – holy BBQ
      4. Sin offering – atonement for your sin
      5. Trespass offering or guilt offering – restitution for the sinner
  2. The trespass offering – Leviticus 5
    1. First 13 verses seem to deal with the trespass offering
    2. Witnesses see something but refuses to tell
      1. Brought before he priest
      2. See this in the New Testament (see Matthew 26)
    3. A person touches something unclean he will be guilty
    4. Say something rash with our lips (see James 3:2, Proverbs 18:21)
      1. With your speech you have power
      2. Tombstone in England Arabella Young – took her death to shut her up
      3. The law is hold your tongue
      4. Bring sacrifice and confess
      5. Confess – the outward expression of repentance (see 1 John 1:9)
        1. To say the same thing about your sin that God says
        2. We identify sin differently than God does
        3. Heart won't be cleansed and lightened until you agree with God regarding your sin
        4.  Fredrick the Great, the Prussian king
          1. Prisoners all innocent
          2. One guilty
          3. Let him out before he corrupts all these fine people!
    5. Three types of offering
      1. Lamb or goat
      2. Two pigeons or two turtle doves
      3. Flour
      4. No matter your status you have access to forgiveness—rich or poor you could be forgiven
      5. Jesus died poor but was buried in a rich man's tomb
      6. Jesus by His death made God approachable (see John 3:16)
    6. How can a grain offering cover sin? (see Hebrews 9:22)
      1. Offered on the alter where there is blood
      2. God imputed that value
    7. The idea of sin against God has become unpopular
      1. These laws don't apply to us
      2. Mechanistic view of man
      3. B. F. Skinner
    8. Other religious systems
      1. Eastern religions
      2. Hindu – everyone stumbles and falls, whatever, in your next life...
      3. Unitarians – man is basically good and salvation is simply self-improvement – no such thing as sin
      4. Christian Science – sin is non-existent, it is an illusion, they deny its existence – grape nuts
    9. Trespass or guilt offering
      1. Besides sacrifice, have to pay back
      2. 3 sections
        1. Sins against holy things
        2. Sins against God's commands
        3. Sins against your neighbor
      3. Sins against the holy things – Leviticus 5:14-16
        1. Sin in regards to worship
        2. Details aren't given
        3. God has provision for someone in regards to worship
          1. How careful are we in preparing for worship
          2. We prepare physically
          3. Do we prepare spiritually?
          4. Watch yourself (see Ecclesiastes 5:1-5)
          5. Be sincere, dedicate the time to God
      4. Sins against God's commands – Leviticus 5:17-19
        1. Sins and doesn't know it, then finds out
        2. Conscience bothered by it (See Romans 14:23)
          1. $75 almost brand new goose down sleeping bag
          2. Felt guilty
          3. Hadn't checked it with God
          4. Returned the sleeping bag
        3. Sins against your neighbor
          1. Pay back whatever was stolen, broken, or lost 120%
          2. Realize how grave a sin lying is (see Exodus 20:16, vProverbs 6:16-19)
          3. God takes it very seriously
    10. Law of the offerings – Leviticus 6
      1. A repetition of the first five chapters
        1. Chapters 1-5 speak of the offerings from the perspective of the one bringing the offering
        2. Chapter 6-7 speak of the offerings from the priest's perspective
      2. Burnt offering voluntary became almost compulsory—morning and evening sacrifice every day
        1. Fire always burning – God saying there is always accessible, you are welcome
        2. In your own heart, you have an altar
          1. Do you keep the fires burning
          2. Rekindle the fire
            1. Maybe change the way you do devotions
            2. Sing
            3. Go on a mission
      3. The grain offering
        1. The priests and the boys could eat it
        2. It's holy
        3. You can't approach God thoughtlessly or carelessly
        4. Aaron's sons – strange fire (see Leviticus 10)
      4. The sin offering
      5. The trespass offering
        1. Don't leave any of the flesh until morning, why?
        2. Guessing for health reasons
        3. Didn't have refrigeration
        4. The only way to preserve was to rub salt in it
        5. That's the background behind Jesus saying "You are the salt of the earth" (see Matthew 5:13)
        6. Priest could eat the first or second day, but third day he would be punished if he ate it
      6. Heave and Wave offering
        1. Wave horizontal
        2. Heave vertical
        3. Ceremonial notation that this is something God has given
  3. Conclusion
    1. That Midianite looking down from Mt Sinai must have seen a slaughter house
    2. 91 times offering and sacrifice mentioned in this book
    3. Jesus said, "If you would have believed Moses..." John 5:46
    4. Jesus expounded through the Scriptures the things that pertained to him (see Luke 24)

Figures referenced: Fredrick the Great, B. F. Skinner
Cross references: Exodus 20:16, Leviticus 10, Proverbs 6:16-19, Proverbs 18:21, Ecclesiastes 5:1-5, Matthew 5:13, Matthew 26, John 3:16, John 5:46, Romans 12:1, Hebrews 9:22, James 3:2, 1 John 1:9

Topic: law

Keywords: sacrifice, priest, law, forgiveness, tongue, confession

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