||20/20: Seeing Truth Clearly
||Who Is the Holy Spirit?
There can be a lot of mystery and misinformation surrounding the Holy Spirit. When we look to Scripture, however, the third person of the Godhead comes into clear focus. In this teaching, Nate Heitzig describes the person of the Holy Spirit, His work both at scale in the world and individually in the hearts of believers, and how He helps you gain a deeper understanding of God's Word.
Connect Group Recap Notes: October 11, 2020
Speaker: Nate Heitzig
Teaching: "Who Is the Holy Spirit?"
Text: John 16
C.S. Lewis stated, "If you do not listen to Theology, that will not mean that you have no ideas about God. It will mean that you have a lot of wrong ones—bad, muddled, out-of-date ideas." And the best place to begin to learn about theology is from God Himself—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—as found in God's Word, the Bible. In this teaching, Nate Heitzig looks at the person and work of the Holy Spirit, the third person of the Godhead.
- The Person of the Holy Spirit
- The Profession of the Holy Spirit
- The Priorities of the Holy Spirit
The Person of the Holy Spirit
- Some have wrongly described the Holy Spirit as an "it" rather than a "Him."
- The Holy Spirit is a person, possessing certain characteristics such as intelligence, will, and emotion.
- Intelligence: He knows the thoughts of people (see 1 Corinthians 2:10).
- Will: He has a will (see 1 Corinthians 12:11; Acts 13:2).
- Emotion: He can be grieved, quenched, resisted, blasphemed, and lied to. As an example of grief, see Ephesians 4:30-31. Here, grieve means to make sad or sorrowful.
The Profession of the Holy Spirit
- Another aspect of the Holy Spirit is His work: keeping a lid on things in the world (see 2 Thessalonians 2:7).
- The work of the Holy Spirit is a restraining force in the world today. This leads to good and bad news:
- Bad news: as history progresses, things will get worse, leading to the Antichrist.
- Good news: Jesus will come back for His church.
- It is the Holy Spirit who is restraining the outbreak of "the mystery of lawlessness."
- Once the Holy Spirit is removed, evil will no longer be restrained, and the powers of darkness will prevail—for a time.
- In the interim, what is the Holy Spirit doing inside the people of God?
- Salt and light: leading us to God's truth (see John 16:13). The Holy Spirit equips us to be preservatives in the world (see Matthew 5:16).
- This means Christians should stand up for what is right and true, have an allegiance to God's kingdom, not let the opponent control our witness, and allow the Spirit to lead us.
- The most effective defense in our spiritual arsenal is the proclamation of the gospel.
The Priorities of the Holy Spirit
PracticeConnect Up: As the third person of the Godhead, the Holy Spirit is God, uncreated, immeasurable, eternal, almighty, and Lord. As God, Christians worship the Holy Spirit in unity of God's nature—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Knowing that the Holy Spirit is God, what common characteristics does He share with the Father and Son? What different roles does He have? As an example, discuss the similarities of essence, will, and nature (attributes of God). Some of His unique roles were described in the message—conviction, sealing, leading people to truth, etc.
- The Holy Spirit brings about our conversion (see John 3:5-8; John 6:63; Romans 8:16). He calls and convicts us (see John 16:8).
- The Holy Spirit seals us (see Ephesians 1:13-14). This means Christians are stamped with a seal of ownership, stating we are God's. God has put His royal signet on us via the presence of the Holy Spirit.
- The Holy Spirit teaches us (see John 14:26). The Holy Spirit opens up the truth of God's Word. In partnership with our study of the Bible, the Holy Spirit reveals and illuminates God's certainty (see 1 Corinthians 2:9).
Connect In: As people who have invited God—via the Holy Spirit—into our lives (see John 3:1-12), what are some of the daily partnerships Christians have with the Spirit? Look up the following verses and discuss. What does each partnership mean?
Connect Out: As Nate stated, the most effective tool we have in our spiritual toolbox is sharing the gospel. What is the role of the Holy Spirit in conversion? What is the role of the Christian in evangelism? In both cases, the Christian should not quench the Spirit's work (see 1 Thessalonians 5:19). The word Paul used for quench in 1 Thessalonians means to extinguish, like putting out a fire. How can we ensure we are not quenching the work of the Spirit in evangelism? If you have an example of either quenching the Spirit or allowing the Spirit to work, please share.
- Fruit of the Spirit (all Christians should have): Galatians 5:22-23
- Gifts of the Spirit (Christians have certain ones): 1 Corinthians 12:4-11, 27-31
- Walking in the Spirit (walking away from sin and toward God, allowing His truth and love to abide in and through us): Galatians 5:16-26
- Praying in the Spirit: Ephesians 6:18; Jude 1:20; Romans 8:26